7. Personal Pronouns

7.1 Personal pronouns

1st Pers. Sing.2nd Pers. Sing.1st Pers. Pl.2nd Pers. Pl.

Nom.ятымывы

acc.мянецябенасвас

Gen.мянецябенасвас

Dat.мнетабенамвам

Instr.мной*табой*намівамі

Prep.аба мнеаб табеаб насаб вас

3rd Pers. Masc.3rd Pers. Neut.3rd Pers. Fem.3rd Pers. Pl.

Nom.ёняноянаяны

acc.ягоягояеіх

Gen.ягоягояеіх

Dat.ямуямуёйім

Instr.імімёй*імі

Prep.аб імаб імаб ёйаб іх

7.2 The reflexive personal pronoun

The reflexive pronoun is a direct synonym for the subject of the sentence. This means that it cannot be the subject of a sentence and does not have a nominative form. This pronoun is used when the subject of the sentence is also some other part of the sentence, such as the direct or indirect object.

acc.сябе

Gen.сябе

Dat.сабе

Instr.сабой*

Prep.аб сабе

*The variations мною, табою, ёю, and сабою are very common, but are non-standard and should be avoided by the non-native speaker. See 3.5 for how this variation effects nouns.

7.3 The pronoun сам

This pronoun is used to emphasize part of the sentence, either the subject, an object, or indirect object. When not used with the subject of the sentence, the pronoun сам simply imparts emphasis and is not actually translated. When used with the subject of the sentence, however, its meaning can be roughly translated as ‘myself’, ‘yourself’, ‘himself’, etc… The pronoun сам is used like an adjective, matching the case and gender of the noun it describes.

Masc.Neut.Fem.Pl.

Nom.самсамосамасамі

acc.сам (-ога)самосамусамі (-іх)

Gen.самогасамогасамойсаміх

Dat.самомусамомусамойсамім

Instr.самімсамімсамойсамімі

Prep.аб самімаб самімаб самойаб саміх

Ён вырашыў сам прыйсці.He decided to come himself.

аднойчы нават выратаваў самуOnce he even rescued the queen.

каралеву.

але гаварыў ён толькі з саміміBut he only spoke with the neighbors.

суседзьмі.

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