13. Miscellaneous Verbs and Verb Irregularities

13.1 Three miscellaneous verbs

The verbs бе́гчы, to run, даць, to give, and е́сці, to eat, conjugate as follows.

бягу́ яжы́м br /> ам адзі́м br /> м ядзі́м
бяжы́ш яжыце́<br / br /> асі́ асце́ br /> ш ясце́
бяжы́ць ягу́ць<br / br /> асць аду́ць br /> сць яду́ць

13.2 Shifting stress

For many verbs, the accent is on the ending for the first person singular, but is the root for all other persons. This happens most often when the final syllable of the infinitive is accented.

Infin. br /> st Pers. Sing. nd Pers. Sing.
вазі́ць to transport*<br ажу́ о́зіш
гавары́ць to speak* авару́ аво́рыш
прыня́ць to receive* рыму́ ры́меш
хаце́ць to want* ачу́ о́чаш

13.3 Verb ending variation

The verbs conjugated above have the most current and accepted endings, but variations do exist. One common variation that effects verbs of the types discussed in Sections 11.1 and 11.3 is to replace the ending of the 1st person plural, -ём or -ом, with the endings -ем or -эм, respectively. another common variation, which effects all verbs with accented endings, replaces the final of the 2nd person plural with a -ё**. although these variations do exist, they are non-standard and should be avoided by the non-native speaker.

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