14. Reflexive Verbs

14.1 Use of reflexive verbs

The one characteristic that all reflexive verbs have in common is that they cannot take a direct object in the accusative case. Very often, the fact that the verb is reflexive means that the subject of the sentence is what is being acted upon.

Мяч кіда́ецца ім. The ball is thrown by him.*   td>Яны́ бая́цца. They are afraid.*

14.2 Conjugation of reflexive verbs

Reflexive verbs in general are all formed from non-reflexive verbs in the same way. Below are given examples of both type 1 and type 2 reflexive verbs. The reader will notice that they are formed in the exact same way. an example of a type 1 reflexive verb is стара́цца, to try, and an example of a type 2 reflexive verb is тулі́цца, to press against.

стара́юся тара́емся<b br /> тулю́ся у́лімся
стара́ешся тара́ецеся< br /> ту́лішся у́ліцеся
стара́ецца тара́юцца<b br /> ту́ліцца у́ляцца
  br /> st Pers. Sing. nd Pers. Sing.
падаба́цца to be pleasing* адаба́юся адаба́ешся
спадзява́цца to hope* падзяю́ся падзяе́шся
бая́цца to fear* аю́ся аі́шся
нарадзі́цца to be born* араджу́ся аро́дзішся

14.3 Reflexive past tense, participles, and gerunds

all other parts of the verb are formed like normal verbs, with the suffix -ся placed on the end.

ён стара́ўся дапамага́ць. He tried to help.*   td>Ляжа́лі абня́ўшыся і маўча́лі. They lay hugging and were quiet.*</td>
Міха́сь бы́стра падня́ўся з зямлі́, не агляда́ючыся вако́л. Michael quickly got up off the ground, not looking around.*      
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