21. Adverbs

21.1 Adverbs formed from adjectives

Most adverbs are formed by removing the final or from the adjective and adding to the ending. If the stress in the adjective falls on the last or next to the last syllable, it shifts to the first syllable for the adverb.

блі́зкі lose лі́зка losely
ва́жны mportant а́жна mportantly
вясё́лы appy е́села appily
дакла́дны recise акла́дна recisely
ра́нні arly а́нна arly
ці́хі uiet і́ха uietly

21.2 Compound adverbs

These adverbs are formed by adding ‘па-‘ to the front of the adjective. When certain possesive adjectives are formed from animate nouns, they can be made into adverbs indicating similarity of behavior to the animate noun.

дзіця́чы child’s* а-дзіця́чы childishly*
во́ўчы wolf’s* а-во́ўчы like a wolf*

Ordinal numbers form adverbs by declining the adjective for the nominative neuter case and adding the prefix.

пе́ршы first* а-пе́ршае firstly*
другі́ second* а-друго́е secondly*
трэ́ці third* а-трэ́цяе thirdly*

Some adjectives, especially ones denoting language or nationality, form an adverb by appending the prefix and changing the final to an .

белару́скі Belarusian* а-белару́ску in Belarusian*
бра́цкі brother’s* а-бра́цку like a brother*
англі́йскі English* а-англі́йску in English*

21.3 The adverbs бо́лей, ме́ней, больш and менш

The adverbs бо́лей and больш mean more, and ме́ней and меньш mean less. See Section 6.4 for more on the usage of these adverbs.

Сястры́ ён бо́лей не ўба́чыць. He will not see his sister anymore.*   td>Куды́ бо́лей за іх бая́ўся І́зяслаў. Izyaslau feared his own people much more than them.*</td>   td>У жыцці́, адна́к, усё́ ста́лася бо́лей скла́дана і ме́ней шча́сліва. In life, however, everything became more c   td> br /></td>   td>Ко́жны з які́х збіў больш за 100 на́шых самалё́таў. Each of which destroyed more than 100 of our planes.*
Я памкну́ўся бліжэ́й, і Фра́ні больш не паба́чыў. I strove closer, and I did not see Franya any more.*                        
Яна́, тым не менш, таі́ла ў сабе́ неразга́даную зага́дку. She nevertheless concealed within herself an unsolved riddle.*                        
ён пача́ў менш успаміна́ць было́е. He started to remember the past less.*                        

21.4 Comparative and superlative adverbs

There are two ways to form the comparative and two ways to form the superlative form of an adverb. The short comparative form is the more common of the two. It is identical to the short comparative adjective. Section 6.1 covers its formation thoroughly. Not all adverbs have a short comparative form, but all adverbs can also form a comparative by preceding the adverb with бо́лей or больш.

На вайне́ куды бо́лей партэ́бна така́я вось ду́жасць. In war, such strength is needed much more.*   td>Рабі́лася ўсё бо́лей   td> br /></td>
«Размо́ва пра пахо́ды ско́чана» сказаў больш лаго́дна. “all talk of the march is finished,” he said good-naturedly.*          
Гэ́та ідэ́я бу́дзе больш вы́гадна. This idea will be more profitable.*          

There are two ways of forming the superlative adverb. The first is to precede the adverb with either найбо́льш, most. The second way is to follow the adverb by the phrase за ўсё or за ўсіх.

Нас маглі́ накірава́ць куды́ заўго́дна, але́ найбо́льш вераго́днау стралко́вы батальё́н. They could place us wherever is convenient, but most likely, it will be into a rifle battalion.*   td>але́ найбо́льш заця́т   td> br /></td>
але́ бо́лей за ўсё яму́ дакуча́ла адчува́нне го́ладу. But mostly, he felt cravings of hunger.*          
Бо́лей за ўсё вераго́дна, што ён адчу́ў непажада́ную пэрспэкты́ву адзіно́ты. It was most likely that he felt the unwanted perspective of loneliness.*          

21.5 Miscellaneous adverbs

There are many important adverbs that are not derived from adjectives. a very few of them are listed here.

дзе here уды́ o where
тут ere юды́ o here
там here уды́ o there
нідзе́ owhere ікуды́ ot to anywhere
усю́ды verywhere<b br /> br />
  br /> дку́ль rom where
до́ма t home дсю́ль rom here
дадо́му o home дту́ль rom there
  br /> іадку́ль ot from anywhere
калі́ hen br /> br />
цяпе́р ow ё́ння oday
за́раз mmediately а́ўтра omorrow
тады́ hen чо́ра esterday
ніко́лі ever br /> br />
заўсё́ды lways е́льмі ery
  br /> ноў gain
як ow едзь arely
так o/that way а́дта ignificantly
не́як ome way рыху́ little
нія́к o way мат lot
  br /> но́га uch/many
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